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Small scale industrial units number more than 0.2 million in Punjab today; they employ more than 0.9 million workers and constitute a vital and dynamic segment of industry.

These units produce bicycle parts, sewing machines, hand tools, machine tools, auto parts, electrical items, sports goods, surgical instruments, leather goods, hosiery, knitwear, nuts and bolts, textiles, sugar, vegetable oil, etc., giving employment to about 9.35 lakh persons.

Punjab Leads in manufacture of machines and hand tools, printing and paper machinery, auto parts and electrical switchgears. Punjab produces around 75% of bicycle and bicycle parts, sewing machines, Woolen and other Hosiery items, Shoddy blanket and jacket clothes and sports goods.

In large/medium sector there are 600 large/medium scale units.

S.Nagar, Mohali in the vicinity of Chandigarh has emerged as an attractive destination for IT and IT enabled industries.

Under the Industrial Infrastructure Upgradation Scheme (IIUS), the Government of India has sanctioned two projects namely Knitwear Cluster and Bicycle Parts Cluster at Ludhiana for implementation in Punjab.


Many processes, especially in industrial applications, produce large amounts of excess heat – i.e., heat beyond what can be efficiently used in the process. Waste Heat Recovery methods attempt to extract some of the energy as work that otherwise would be wasted.

Typical methods of recovering heat in industrial applications include direct heat recovery to the process itself, recuperators, regenerators, and waste heat boilers. In many applications – especially those with low-temperature waste heat streams, such as automotive applications – the economic benefits of waste heat recovery do not justify the cost of the recovery systems.


Innovative, affordable methods that are highly efficient, applicable to low-temperature streams, and/or suitable for use with corrosive or “dirty” wastes could expand the number of viable applications of waste heat recovery, as well as improve the performance of existing applications.

PEDA has signed a Contract Agreement with Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) for preparation of Detailed Project Reports on Waste Heat Recovery for 20 Identified Industries including SMES and large industries in the State of Punjab.

Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), New Delhi is joint venture company of four Public Sector Units of Ministry of Power, Government of India, namely Power Finance Corporation, Power Grid Corporation, NTPC Limited and Rural Electrification Corporation.

EESL has appointed M/s Darashaw Company & Pvt. Ltd. as their consultant to assist Punjab Energy Development Agency (PEDA) to prepare “Waste Heat Recovery Potential Detailed Project Reports (DPR's)” of selected industry clusters i.e.
1. Foundry
2. Hand Tools
3. Textiles, Hosiery & Dying
4. Auto Components
5. Food Products & Beverages
6. Rice Mills
7. Steel Re-Rolling Mills
8. Rubber
9. Chemical

The objective of the study is to identify fuel consumption, saving potentials which will benefit the end-user as well as to mitigate the pollution levels of the State of Punjab.